Just a small thought, in how many ways do we use IT in our everyday lives? Or, to put in another way which are the industries which IT has directly or indirectly impacted? A quick run through our routine activities in which IT is used; at the department store which employs IT systems for inventory, billing; restaurants, food joints; health care facility such as the doctor’s office or hospital to name a few.
What have been the greatest advantages of IT systems, automating processes? How effective it has been for efficiency of processes? Did we ever give a thought how the technology works, who are the people behind? The complete network of any IT system is the combined effort of administrators, analysts, engineers, web developers and designers who are skilled for their work to create robust and reliable systems.
Of the many industries, health care is one industry in which IT is extensively used. It is better known as Health Information Technology (HIT), an area which focuses on the design, development, use and maintenance of health care systems for health care industry. IT has been a boon for the health care industry; systems which are automated and interoperable to lower costs, more efficient, fewer chances of error and which also provide better customer care and service.
How has been IT beneficial to the health care industry? Which are the areas in which HIT seems to have broad and consistent utilization? HIT, for some of its benefits can be experienced for; improve health care quality, effectiveness; better productivity and efficiency; less chances of medical errors and improved accuracy in health care procedures; significant reduction in health care cost; increased efficiencies in health care process and administrative processes; less usage of paper resulting in less paperwork and unproductive time; real time communication of health informatics among health care professionals; and expand scope of access for affordable health care for all.
In earlier health care systems, or pre IT period, dissemination of patient information between units would be difficult. Patient information, health informatics would be hand written which would be circulated across units for the information of health care professional. This system had high chances of loss of information, error while putting down information, which is significantly less with electronic systems.
What does HIT comprise of? What are its major components? The central component of any HIT infrastructure is Electronic Health Record (EHR), which is the complete, official health record of an individual available in digital format to be shared between multiple agencies. The other components of HIT infrastructure are Electronic Medical Record (EMR) which is an individual’s electronic health record within a health care facility; Personal Health Record (PHR) the health record which an individual maintains himself; and Regional Health Information Organization (RHIO) to oversee information among various components and unite them.
It is known by all, IT facilitates storage, processing and flow of information for any system. Is it more useful for industries, organizations which handle large volume of data? It does, especially for health care, education systems which has large database to maintain and administer. Any hospital, health care facility has large patient information to maintain and administer. IT systems have been a boon for processing and flow of information with ease and accuracy.
Though most believe IT has been a boon for health care services, what do physicians, health care professionals think? It has mixed views; while some love it others seem to hate technology. It is true, even though the tools for billing, patient information, and social media are of much use to all.
Expertise in computing is a skill essential not only for the Computer Engineering and Information Technology students, but also for the students of other branches of engineering in Pune. Our students become competent computer engineers imbibed with the spirit of professionalism and responsible citizenship. The information technology curriculum puts an emphasis on Information Management, Information Storage, Information Communication and Presentation.